Pedicle screw augmentation – risk of local cement leakage and cement embolism

J.U. Müller, D.T. Pillich, S. Fleck, H.W.S. Schroeder & J. Baldauf
Objective: The use of pedicle screws in elderly patients is of high risk for secondary instability because of loosening of implants. Therefore, screw augmentation with polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA) has become an accepted additional procedure. However, PMMA application may result in cement leakage. [for full text, please go to the a.m. URL]