Non-invasive visualization of cerebral standard EC-/IC-bypasses with non-contrast 4D-MR angiography: A comparison with digital subtraction angiography (DSA)

M.A. Kamp, R.S. Lanzman, P. Schmitt, G. Antoch, D. Blondin, H.J. Steiger & D. Hänggi
Objective: The objective was to evaluate the patency of cerebral bypass surgery using nonenhanced time-resolved 4D ECG-gated time-resolved 4D Steady-state free precession (SSFP) MR angiography (MRA) for dynamic visualization of EC-/IC-bypasses. Methods: 9 patients (mean 41 y; 37-70 y) who underwent[for full text, please go to the a.m. URL]