360-degree thoracic osteosynthesis via a postero-lateral transpedicular approach in high-risk patients

S. Eicker, D. Hänggi, H.J. Steiger & J.F. Cornelius
Objective: Patients with cardiopulmonary disease have a high morbidity after thoracic spine surgery via a transthoracic approach. We present a postero-lateral transpedicular approach, which allows one to perform a 360° fusion of the thoracic spine. By avoiding the transthoracic route, this technique[for full text, please go to the a.m. URL]