Microlesion effect (MLE) in the basal ganglia due to deep brain stimulation (DBS) on ballistic movements in Parkinson's and dystonia patients

A. Singh, K. Boetzel & J.H. Mehrkens
Objective: Bradykinesia and hypokinesia are the prominent symptoms of substantia nigra (SN) degeneration in Parkinson's disease (PD), whereas in segmental dystonia, which is characterized by involuntary muscle contractions, normally no bradykinetic or hypokinetic features are seen and the movements[for full text, please go to the a.m. URL]