Acute effects of electrostimulation on muscle and bone biomarkers in recent spinal cord injured subjects

Alfredo Arija-Blázquez, Silvia Ceruelo-Abajo, Alberto Sánchez-Solla, Juan Antonio Godino-Durán, José Luís R Martín & José Florensa-Vila
Objective: The aim of the present study was to investigate the time-course response to surface electro-myostimulation (EMS) on bone and muscle biomarkers in men with recent spinal cord injury (SCI). Our hypothesis was that EMS might produce a release of both muscle and bone formation biomarkers beyond[for full text, please go to the a.m. URL]