Adaptive changes in the dominant shoulders of female competitive overhead athletes

Katarina Tonin, Klemen Stražar, Gaj Vidmar & Helena Burger
Objective: A cascade of adaptive changes such as glenohumeral internal rotation deficit – GIRD, symptoms of SICK scapula syndrome and muscular imbalances develop in dominant shoulders of overhead athletes and represent a shoulder at risk. Our goal was to isolate adaptive changes that are critical[for full text, please go to the a.m. URL]