Indirect assessment of cardiac output and stroke volume during spiroergometric examination in male subjects of different performance level

Jaroslav Novak, Milan Stork & Vaclav Zeman
Noninvasive determination of cardiac output (Q) and stroke volume (SV) based on the study by Stringer et al. [ref:1] provides a simple and low-cost assessment of cardiac function in response to exercise. Based on our previous experience ([ref:2]) we studied the estimated values of[for full text, please go to the a.m. URL]