The assessment of changes in cognitive functioning in the elderly: Age- and education-specific Reliable Change Indices for the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE). Results of the German Study on Ageing, Cognition and Dementia in Primary Care Patients (AgeCoDe)

Janine Stein, Melanie Luppa, Wolfgang Maier, Hendrik Van Den Bussche, Martin Scherer, Horst Bickel, Siegfried Weyerer, Michael Pentzek, Birgitt Wiese, Hans-Helmut Koenig & Steffi G. Riedel-Heller
Background/Aims: The Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) represents a commonly used neuropsychological screening instrument to measure general cognitive functions in the elderly. The diagnosis of dementia includes evidence of decline in cognitive functioning over time in objective cognitive tasks.[for full text, please go to the a.m. URL]