Trans-oral endoscopic mediastinal surgery: first clinical application

Thomas Wilhelm, Wolfram Klemm & André Nemat
Introduction: The trans-oral endoscopic approach for surgical procedures within the middle mediastinum was developed and evaluated during anatomical and animal studies. It represented an endoscopic approach without any other skin incisions. Methods: After approval by the responsible ethical committee[for full text, please go to the a.m. URL]