Psychosocial impairments in patients with inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD): Construction and validation of an indicator scale of perceived stress based on item response theory

Juliane Hardt, Susann Conrad, Cathleen Muche-Borowski & Heiner Raspe
Background: Inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD: Crohn‘s disease, ulcerative colitis) are chronic relapsing diseases. Manifestations of the disease affect predominantly the bowel, but also extraintestinal organ systems (e.g. skin, eyes, joints, liver). The prevalence of IBD in Germany is 320.000[for full text, please go to the a.m. URL]