Electromagnetic-guided neuronavigation for safe placement of intraventricular catheters in pediatric neurosurgery

E.J. Hermann, H.H. Capelle, C.A. Tschan & J.K. Krauss
Objective: Ventricular catheter shunt malfunction is the most common cause for shunt revision. Optimal ventricular catheter placement can be exceedingly difficult in patients with small ventricles or abnormal ventricular anatomy. Especially in children and in premature babies with a small head size,[for full text, please go to the a.m. URL]