The expansion sphincter pharyngoplasty in the multi level surgery concept for the operative treatment of the obstructive sleep apnea (OSAS)

Stefan Wenzel, Kerstin Rohde & Thomas Verse
Introduction: The tonsillectomy (TE) with uvulo-palato-pharyngoplasty (UPPP) is the standard procedure for treating soft palate and tonsils related obstructions of the upper airways. If the patient has already underwent tonsillectomy earlier this option is missing. In our opinion in these cases the [for full text, please go to the a.m. URL]