Impact of Stereopsis and Near Visual Acuity on Laparoscopic Virtual Reality Performance

Henry Hoffmann, Rebecca Ruiz-Schirinzi, David Goldblum, Salome Dell-Kuster, Daniel Oertli, Dieter Hahnloser & Rachel Rosenthal
Introduction: Laparoscopic as compared to open surgery represents some specific challenges, such as the reduction of a three-dimensional anatomic environment to two dimensions. Individuals with permanent impaired stereopsis may be better adapted to the lost third dimension on the screen in laparoscopic[for full text, please go to the a.m. URL]