Minimal access trocar microdiscectomy versus standard microsurgical disc operation of the lumbar spine: a prospective, randomized, double-blind study

Steffen Fleck, Marc Matthes, Jan-Uwe Müller, Dennis Päsler & Henry W. S. Schroeder
Objective: Minimally invasive spinal techniques have been increasingly used in recent years to decrease operation-related musculoskeletal trauma. Minimal access trocar microdiscectomy (MAMD) may reduce lower back pain and increase functional outcome by decreasing post-operative pain. The purpose of [for full text, please go to the a.m. URL]