Endoscope-assisted microvascular decompression in hemifacial spasm

Henry W. S. Schroeder, Christian Rosenstengel, Marc Matthes, Ehab El-Refaee & Jörg Baldauf
Objective: To evaluate the value of endoscope assistance in microvascular decompression for hemifacial spasm. Method: 116 patients (73 female, 43 male, mean age 56 years) suffering from hemifacial spasm underwent an endoscope-assisted microvascular decompression via a lower retrosigmoid approach.[for full text, please go to the a.m. URL]