Robotic-assisted mini-TLIF procedure for true lumbar spondylolisthesis

Florian Roser & Gottlieb Maier
Objective: Symptomatic spondylytic lesions of the lumbar spine require a combination of intervertebral and transpedicular fusion. However due the frequent distortion of the pedicle anatomy severe angulation is often necessary, requiring a wide exposure of the paraspinal muscles. We describe our technique[for full text, please go to the a.m. URL]