Long-term follow-up of cortical language sites by navigated transcranial magnetic stimulation compared to repeated awake craniotomy

Sandro M. Krieg, Nico Sollmann, Theresa Hauck, Bernhard Meyer & Florian Ringel
Objective: Repetitive navigated transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) is increasingly used for mapping of human language areas. In order to increase its clinical impact, the evaluation of cortical plasticity in terms of language function seems to be a key application. Method: Three patients with[for full text, please go to the a.m. URL]