Optimized preoperative mapping of language regions by navigated transcranial magnetic stimulation: a multicentric comparison study in awake surgery

Sandro M. Krieg, Phiroz E. Tarapore, Thomas Picht, Peter Vajkoczy, Bernhard Meyer, Mitchel S. Berger & Florian Ringel
Objective: Navigated transcranial magnetic stimulation (nTMS) in presurgical brain mapping showed a high correlation to direct cortical stimulation (DCS) within the primary motor cortex. Moreover, repetitive nTMS (rTMS) combined with a picture naming task can identify speech-sensitive cortical areas.[for full text, please go to the a.m. URL]