Transnasal or combined transnasal-transmaxillary endoscopic extirpation of tumors in and around the pterygopalatine fossa

Jens Lehmberg, Rainer Staudenmaier & Bernhard Meyer
Objective: Different microsurgical approaches to the pterygopalatine fossa are used. Most of these approaches require a visible skin incision. Endoscopic surgeries, especially with image guidance, demonstrate minimally invasive alternatives in this location. But lateral and anterior extensions may not[for full text, please go to the a.m. URL]