Exposure in endoscopic endonasal transsphenoidal approaches: is middle turbinectomy necessary? An anatomical study

Boris Krischek, Francesco Doglietto, Jimmy Qiu, Anne Agur, Gelareh Zadeh & Fred Gentili
Objective: The necessity of middle turbinectomy (MT) in endoscopic endonasal transsphenoidal surgery is a highly debated issue. There is a wide variability in clinical practice and no definitive conclusions can be drawn from current clinical studies. We use a software program that allows for the quantification[for full text, please go to the a.m. URL]