GAVCA study “Guided application of ventricular catheters” – A prospective multicenter randomized trial current status of the study

Andreas Schaumann & Ulrich-Wilhelm Thomale
Objective: Inaccurate ventricular catheter (VC) placement inherits multiple risks to its long term function and to the patient’s condition. According to earlier studies the free hand technique shows up to 40 percent improper positioning of VC. In order to facilitate an accurate and controlled[for full text, please go to the a.m. URL]