Endoscopic surgical interventions inside the orbit

Marek Rogowski, Tomasz Lyson, Andzej Sieskiewicz, Robert Rutkowski & Zenon Mariak
Despite of the well known advances of the endoscopic techniques, only recently single reports have been published pointing at the orbit as a target for endoscopic surgical intervention using both transnasal or external approach. In this contribution we would like to present the results endoscopic surgery in 32 patients with various intraorbital pathologies. All patients were operated by a co-working team of ENT surgeon and neurosurgeon using image guidance neuronavigation system and intraoperative ultrasonography for...