Titanium-copper-nitride coated spacers for two-stage revision of infected total hip endoprostheses

Martin Ellenrieder, Maximilian Haenle, Robert Lenz, Rainer Bader & Wolfram Mittelmeier
Within the first two years after total hip arthroplasty implant-associated infection has become the second most common reason for a revision surgery. Two-stage implant exchange is frequently conducted using temporary spacers made of antibiotic-loaded cement in order to prevent a bacterial colonization on the spacer. Avoiding several disadvantages of cement spacers, a conventional hemi-endoprosthesis was equipped with a copper-containing implant coating for inhibition of bacterial biofilms. In the present paper details of this novel treatment...