Gynecomastia in German soldiers: etiology and pathology

Hans-Peter Kuhne, Sandy Egler, Stefan Lenz, André Lieber, Dietrich Doll & Björn Dirk Krapohl
Background: We found a high incidence of patients with gynecomastia in the German Ministry of Defense Guard Battalion in Berlin. For this reason, we conducted the present study to investigate etiological and pathological aspects of this condition. Methods: Within six years, a total of 211 patients underwent surgery for gynecomastia. We compared this group of patients with a control group of healthy males without signs or symptoms of gynecomastia. The two groups were matched for...