Acute abducens nerve palsy as a presenting feature in carotid-cavernous fistula in a 6-year-old girl

Neelam Pawar, R. Ramakrishanan, Devendra Maheshwari & Meenakshi Ravindran
Carotid-cavernous fistulas (CCF) are abnormal communications between the internal carotid artery and the cavernous sinus. Traumatic carotid-cavernous fistulae are rare potential complications of craniofacial trauma. Typical findings of CCF are proptosis, chemosis, headache, oculomotor or abducens nerve palsy, trigeminal pain and pulsating bruit over the temporal skull and the bulb. CCF are reported very rarely in childhood. This report describes the clinical and radiological findings of a pediatric patient presented with CCF.