The effects of sex and gender role on responses to pressure pain

Birgit Kröner-Herwig, Jennifer Gaßmann, Marie Tromsdorf & Elfi Zahrend
Background: Several studies on experimental mechanical pain suggested a strong influence of sex demonstrating females to be more sensitive. We examined the hypothesis that not only sex but also gender role affects pain responsiveness and looked for mediators of this effect. Method: As indicators of pain the threshold the intensity and the unpleasantness of pressure stimuli were measured, as well as sensory and affective quality of pain. The gender role of 74 students was assessed...