The effect of forced choice on facial emotion recognition: a comparison to open verbal classification of emotion labels

Kerstin Limbrecht-Ecklundt, Andreas Scheck, Lucia Jerg-Bretzke, Steffen Walter, Holger Hoffmann & Harald C. Traue
Objective: This article includes the examination of potential methodological problems of the application of a forced choice response format in facial emotion recognition. Methodology: 33 subjects were presented with validated facial stimuli. The task was to make a decision about which emotion was shown. In addition, the subjective certainty concerning the decision was recorded. Results: The detection rates are 68% for fear, 81% for sadness, 85% for anger, 87% for surprise, 88% for disgust, and...