Die Klimakurve des Tertiärs und Quartärs in Mitteleuropa

Paul Woldstedt
The mean temperature of Middle Europe — about 20° C in Lower Tertiary times — decreases slowly during the Tertiary to about 10° C. The Quaternary Ice Age is marked by extreme fluctuations, in Middle Europe of more than 12° C. It seems that two main factors are responsible: the increase in the average height of the continents during the Cenozoic era and fluctuations of solar energy. For the extreme Quaternary fluctuations of the higher...