Die Packeisküste Japans

Ludwig Ellenberg & Kazuomi Hirakawa
The coasts of northern Hokkaido belong to the areas next to the Equator which are formed in seasonal change dominated by waves and currents during summer (8—10 months) and pack ice and frost action during winter (2—4 months). The typical processes of summer and winter of this area are being described in this study. The process of coastal development is much more intense during summer than during winter and the forms originated from ice-shove at...