A loess and fossil soil record of the Lower Mittelrhein and Niederrhein-Maas area covering the last 130,000 years demonstrates more variability of the terrestrial climate during the Last Glacial period than has been realized up till now (Figs. 3, 8). The succession representing the last glacial period is subdivided by 19 interstadial soils. They closely match the climate oscillations of the Greenland ice-core and the deep-sea records in age, configuration and intensity (Figs. 9, 10).