Noninnocent Role of Na+ Ions in the Binding of the N-Phenyl-2-naphthylammonium Cation as a Ditopic Guest with Cucurbit[7]uril

Hao Tang, Suma S Thomas & Cornelia Bohne
Na+ ions influence the mechanism for the binding of the ditopic guest N-phenyl-2-naphthylammonium cation (Ph-AH+-Np) to cucurbit[7]uril (CB[7]) by facilitating, at increased Na+ concentrations, the formation of a higher-order complex. Binding of the larger naphthyl moiety of Ph-AH+-Np forms the Ph-AH+-Np@CB[7] 1:1 complex (where “@” represents an inclusion complex) at low Na+ ion concentrations (≤5 mM), whereas the inclusion of the smaller phenyl moiety in CB[7] (CB[7]@Ph-AH+-Np) is transient. Ph-AH+-Np@CB[7] is formed by reactions with...
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