Thermodynamic Studies on the Cyclodextrin Complexation of Aromatic and Aliphatic Guests in Water and Water−Urea Mixtures. Experimental Evidence for the Interaction of Urea with Arene Surfaces

Luis A. Godínez, Lauren Schwartz, Cecil M. Criss & Angel E. Kaifer
The thermodynamic functions that describe the complexation of a series of four carboxylic acid guests and two related quaternary ammonium derivatives with β-cyclodextrin were measured using flow calorimetry at 298 K in aqueous media in the presence and in the absence of large concentrations of urea. The relative differences of the thermodynamic parameters of complexation revealed the existence of specific interactions between urea and the aromatic surfaces of some of the nonpolar guests. As expected,...
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