It’s not easy to spot disinformation on Twitter

Sebastian Stier, David Schoch, Franziska Keller & JungHwan Yang
>Dr. Sebastian Stier and his co-authors Franziska Keller, David Schoch, and JungHwan Yang examine so called “astroturfing” campaigns which aim at misleading the public by giving a false impression that there is genuine grass-roots support or opposition for a particular group or policy. Those campaigns don’t solely rely on automated “bots” or bot accounts — humans, not programmers or AI, are behind the “troll farms”.
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