Hybrid simulation of foreshock waves and ion spectra and their linkage to cusp energetic ions

X Wang, Y Lin & S Chang
A three-dimensional global hybrid simulation is carried out to investigate energetic ions and electromagnetic waves in the quasi-parallel (Q-parallel to) bow shock and cusp for a typical interplanetary magnetic field configuration during the cusp energetic particle events. The bow shock, magnetosheath, and dayside magnetosphere form by interaction between the solar wind and geomagnetic dipole field. Ions of solar wind characteristics injected into the system evolve along with electromagnetic waves in a self-consistent manner. Several important...
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