Transmission of Hepatitis B and D Viruses in an African Rural Community

Carlos A. Pinho-Nascimento, Martin W. Bratschi, Rene Höfer, Caroline C. Soares, Louisa Warryn, Jūlija Pečerska, Jacques C. Minyem, Izabel C.N.P. Paixão, Marcia T.B. De Moraes, Alphonse U. Boock, Christian Niel, Gerd Pluschke & Katharina Röltgen
According to the World Health Organization (WHO), an estimated 257 million people worldwide are chronically infected with hepatitis B virus (HBV), with approximately 15 million of them being coinfected with hepatitis D virus (HDV). To investigate the prevalence and transmission of HBV and HDV within the general population of a rural village in Cameroon, we analyzed serum samples from most (401/448) of the villagers. HBV surface antigen (HBsAg) was detected in 54 (13.5%) of the...
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