Global Trends in Marine Plankton Diversity across Kingdoms of Life

Federico M. Ibarbalz, Nicolas Henry, Manoela C. Brandão, Séverine Martini, Greta Busseni, Hannah Byrne, Luis P. Coelho, Hisashi Endo, Josep M. Gasol, Ann C. Gregory, Frédéric Mahé, Janaina Rigonato, Marta Royo-Llonch, Guillem Salazar, Isabel Sanz-Sáez, Eleonora Scalco, Dodji Soviadan, Ahmed A. Zayed, Adriana Zingone, Karine Labadie, Joannie Ferland, Claudie Marec, Stefanie Kandels, Marc Picheral, Julie Poulain … & Lucie Zinger
The ocean is home to myriad small planktonic organisms that underpin the functioning of marine ecosystems. However, their spatial patterns of diversity and the underlying drivers remain poorly known, precluding projections of their responses to global changes. Here we investigate the latitudinal gradients and global predictors of plankton diversity across archaea, bacteria, eukaryotes, and major virus clades using both molecular and imaging data from Tara Oceans. We show a decline of diversity for most planktonic...
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