Two dimensional hydrological simulation in swelling/shrinking peat soils

Matteo Camporese, Claudio Paniconi, Mario Putti, Paolo Salandin, Pietro Teatini & Matteo Camporese
Peat soils respond to drying/wetting cycles due to evapotranspiration and precipitation with reversible deformations induced by variations of water content in both the unsaturated and saturated zone. This process results in short-term vertical displacements of the soil surface that superimpose to the irreversible long-term subsidence typically occurring in drained cropped peatlands because of bio-oxidation of the organic matter. Yearly sinking rates due to the irreversible process can be comparable with short-term deformation rates (swelling/shrinkage) and...
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