Spectators’ comfort in sports stadia: impact of roof geometry on wind-driven rain shelter

Bert Blocken, Jan Persoon, Twan Van Hooff, Jan Carmeliet, Martin De Wit & Jan Persoon
Apart from sports purposes, stadia are also increasingly being used for concerts and other events with large spectator attendance. The main aspect for spectator comfort in open stadia is protection from wind and rain. In the design of many existing stadia however, rain shelter has insufficiently been taken into account because most roofs have been designed with vertical rainfall in mind, while no consideration has been given to the possibility of rain being blown onto...
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