Runtime Monitoring of Metric First-order Temporal Properties

David Basin, Felix Klaedtke, Samuel Müller & Birgit Pfitzmann
We introduce a novel approach to the runtime monitoring of complex system properties. In particular, we present an online algorithm for a safety fragment of metric first-order temporal logic that is considerably more expressive than the logics supported by prior monitoring methods. Our approach, based on automatic structures, allows the unrestricted use of negation, universal and existential quantification over infinite domains, and the arbitrary nesting of both past and bounded future operators. Moreover, we show...