Non-Local Box Complexity and Secure Function Evaluation

Marc Kaplan, Iordanis Kerenidis, Sophie Laplante & JéRéMie Roland
A non-local box is an abstract device into which Alice and Bob input bits $x$ and $y$ respectively and receive outputs $a$ and $b$ respectively, where $a,b$ are uniformly distributed and $a \oplus b = x \wedge y$. Such boxes have been central to the study of quantum or generalized non-locality as well as the simulation of non-signaling distributions. In this paper, we start by studying how many non-local boxes Alice and Bob need in...