Quantifying Homology Classes

Chao Chen & Daniel Freedman
We develop a method for measuring homology classes. This involves three problems. First, we define the size of a homology class, using ideas from relative homology. Second, we define an optimal basis of a homology group to be the basis whose elements' size have the minimal sum. We provide a greedy algorithm to compute the optimal basis and measure classes in it. The algorithm runs in $O(\beta^4 n^3 log^2 n)$ time, where $n$ is the...