The Frobenius Problem in a Free Monoid

Jui-Yi Kao, Jeffrey Shallit & Zhi Xu
The classical Frobenius problem over ${mathbb N}$ is to compute the largest integer $g$ not representable as a non-negative integer linear combination of non-negative integers $x_1, x_2, ldots, x_k$, where $gcd(x_1, x_2, ldots, x_k) = 1$. In this paper we consider novel generalizations of the Frobenius problem to the noncommutative setting of a free monoid. Unlike the commutative case, where the bound on $g$ is quadratic, we are able to show exponential or subexponential behavior...