A Unified Algorithm for Accelerating Edit-Distance Computation via Text-Compression

Danny Hermelin, Gad M. Landau, Shir Landau & Oren Weimann
The edit distance problem is a classical fundamental problem in computer science in general, and in combinatorial pattern matching in particular. The standard dynamic-programming solution for this problem computes the edit-distance between a pair of strings of total length $O(N)$ in $O(N^2)$ time. To this date, this quadratic upper-bound has never been substantially improved for general strings. However, there are known techniques for breaking this bound in case the strings are known to compress well...