Computing Graph Roots Without Short Cycles

Babak Farzad, Lap Chi Lau, Van Bang Le & Nguyen Ngoc Tuy
Graph $G$ is the square of graph $H$ if two vertices $x,y$ have an edge in $G$ if and only if $x,y$ are of distance at most two in $H$. Given $H$ it is easy to compute its square $H^2$, however Motwani and Sudan proved that it is NP-complete to determine if a given graph $G$ is the square of some graph $H$ (of girth $3$). In this paper we consider the characterization and recognition...