Generating Shorter Bases for Hard Random Lattices

Joel Alwen & Chris Peikert
We revisit the problem of generating a ``hard'' random lattice together with a basis of relatively short vectors. This problem has gained in importance lately due to new cryptographic schemes that use such a procedure for generating public/secret key pairs. In these applications, a shorter basis directly corresponds to milder underlying complexity assumptions and smaller key sizes. The contributions of this work are twofold. First, using the \emph{Hermite normal form} as an organizing principle, we...