The Price of Anarchy in Cooperative Network Creation Games

Erik D. Demaine, MohammadTaghi Hajiaghayi, Hamid Mahini & Morteza Zadimoghaddam
We analyze the structure of equilibria and the price of anarchy in the family of network creation games considered extensively in the past few years, which attempt to unify the network design and network routing problems by modeling both creation and usage costs. In general, the games are played on a host graph, where each node is a selfish independent agent (player) and each edge has a fixed link creation cost~$\alpha$. Together the agents create...