Collapsible Pushdown Graphs of Level 2 are Tree-Automatic

Alexander Kartzow
We show that graphs generated by collapsible pushdown systems of level $2$ are tree-automatic. Even when we allow $\varepsilon$-contractions and add a reachability predicate (with regular constraints) for pairs of configurations, the structures remain tree-automatic. Hence, their \FO theories are decidable, even when expanded by a reachability predicate. As a corollary, we obtain the tree-automaticity of the second level of the Caucal-hierarchy.