13. Approximate dynamic programming for rail operations

Warren Powell & Belgacem Bouzaiene-Ayari
Approximate dynamic programming offers a new modeling and algorithmic strategy for complex problems such as rail operations. Problems in rail operations are often modeled using classical math programming models defined over space-time networks. Even simplified models can be hard to solve, requiring the use of various heuristics. We show how to combine math programming and simulation in an ADP-framework, producing a strategy that looks like simulation using iterative learning. Instead of solving a single, large...