Significance of epidosite alteration for seafloor sulphide deposits and for fluid fluxes through the oceanic crust

Larryn William Diamond , Samuel Weber , Peter Alt-Epping & Alannah Brett
Epidosites are a prominent type of subseafloor hydrothermal alteration of basalts in ophiolites and Archean greenstone belts, showing an end-member mineral assemblage of epidote + quartz + titanite + Fe-oxide. Epidosites are known to form within crustal-scale upflow zones and their fluids have been proposed to be deep equivalents of ore-forming, black-smoker seafloor vent fluids. Proposals for the mass of fluid per mass of rock (W/R ratio) needed to form epidosites are contradictory, varying from...
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