The legacies of land-clearance and trophic downgrading accumulate to affect structure and function of kelp forests

Stephen Wing, Nicholas Shears, Leigh Tait & David Schiel
Aotearoa New Zealand is the last major landmass settled by people, and therefore provides a recent record of ecological legacy effects in the coastal zone. Large-scale land clearances of forests accelerated over the last century, affecting the concentration of suspended sediments, light environment and nutrient composition on rocky reefs, and consequently the distribution, abundance and composition of algal forests. Environmental effects were compounded in many places by overfishing and long-term declines of large predatory species,...
1 citation reported since publication in 2022.
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